Makeup and Hairstyles of the 1700’s

In honor of Independence Day we decided to see what women and men were doing with their hair back in the 1700’s. The 1700s was a time of big hair, elaborate fabrics and heavy makeup for both men and women. Just as in modern times, hair and makeup styles changed over the course of the century, going from big and bold to low and simple — and back to bigger and more extreme than ever before. The middle classes mimicked the styles of the wealthy on a more modest scale, as did those in colonial areas including the Americas.

During the first decades of the 1700s, women wore a hairstyle called the fontange. The hair at the front of the head was curled, waved, frizzed or teased to produce a very high and round style, particularly surrounding the face. The hair at the back of the head was styled simply and close to the head, often with a few curled tendrils of hair down the back. Middle-class women with the time and resources could mimic these styles with relative ease.

Aristocratic men wore wigs, typically heavily powdered. The allonge style wig was long, flowing and powdered. Men who could not afford wigs might wear their hair long, and those in the lower classes were likely to wear practical headwear, in the form of hats and caps. Both the fontange and allonge were decidedly out of fashion by 1720.

The next 40 years were a time of relatively low, simple and modest hairstyles for both women and men. Men favored powdered wigs that were not too long, with a few curls at the side, and a low ponytail gathered into a velvet pouch. Men who could not afford wigs wore the hair rather long and gathered into a low ponytail. It could be powdered or worn naturally. Caps and hats were still common for men. Women wore their hair curled around the face, without a great deal of height. The tete de mouton style even imitated sheep’s wool. The back of the hair was braided or coiled and pinned close to the scalp. The style was relatively modest and easily copied by those of lower social standing or in Colonial America. Women of all social classes wore bonnets outside the home. On the Continent, women began to powder their hair; however, powder was not fashionable for women in England or Colonial America.

After 1760, women’s hairstyles increased in height. First, they were simply teased, creating a high-volume style, often in an egg shape. By 1770, they frequently required wire armatures or supports and fake hair. They were ornamented with different things, even full scenes in miniature. The overall shape looked a little like an inverted pyramid or even a balloon. The goal was to achieve hair the height of the head, or even 1 1/2 times the head height. For middle-class women, as well as those of colonial regions, this tall shape was favored, with teasing or hair rats made of sheep’s wool providing height on a smaller scale. After 1780, women’s hairstyles became shorter, wider and rounder in Europe. The hair was powdered. American women’s hairstyles became significantly simpler after the American Revolution, with curls surrounding the face and simple, neatly pinned hair in the back. Some women in America adopted the wider and fuller styles favored in Europe.

How Much Should A Haircut Really Cost?

The cost of a haircut can be a surprisingly controversial subject. Years after John Edwards was skewered for his $400+ haircut (you’d think world leaders would have learned their lesson), it was recently reported that French president François Hollande pays his hairstylist more than $10,000 each month. But what can a $10,000 haircut get you that a $100 one can’t? And, more importantly, how much should all of us common-folk, whose grooming habits are not funded by taxpayers, shell out for a trip to the salon?


It really depends on your priorities and what you can afford. A better way of looking at it is what value do you get from a haircut? If you pay $50 for a bad cut that’s not shaped properly for your features and that you have to wrestle with every morning, then that cut is not worth the money you paid for it. Conversely, if you pay $500 for a haircut that you love and that you only have to get three or four times per year, you’re getting a better value than you would from a mediocre $150 cut that doesn’t look as good on you and that you have to get eight times a year because the hair doesn’t grow out as well. So, much like any other type of expenditure, it’s about weighing cost versus benefit when it comes to your hair.


Some people have fine hair. Some people have thick hair. But while styling and cutting those two different hair textures may require different appointment lengths, that shouldn’t dictate the price. It’s never reasonable to expect to have to pay more for a haircut because you have ‘difficult’ hair. Whether it’s a light trim on a fine-hair pixie or a head full of waist-long curls, you should be treated equally.


A good cut should enhance your bone structure, strengthen your features and make you feel sexier and prettier. It should also fall into a good shape when air-dried and last three-to-four months (unless you like to keep your hair short).


There are expensive haircuts that cost a couple hundred dollars, and then there are expensive haircuts that reach into four-digit territory. What gives? In most cases, when an owner prices his or her haircuts that high, it’s a marketing strategy to create buzz while getting clients into the chairs of other, more reasonably priced, stylists at their salon. Let’s face it, would you expect for a stylist charging a thousand dollars for a cut to have a full book of clients? They mostly work on celebrities (which they usually cut for free) and on shoots, and maybe at their salons a few days per month, if that.

In short, those very, very expensive haircuts may be backed up by true talent; but it’s also a whole lot of marketing and brand philosophy. That being said, if a woman is fortunate enough to be able to afford a $1,000 haircut and it makes her happy, then go for it! And you know what? In the end, a haircut is about one thing, and one thing only: feeling confident and badass and like the best possible version of yourself. So if you find a hairstylist that can get you there — whether they charge $50 or $500 — it is money well spent.

8 Ancient Beauty Tricks The Still Work Today

The ancients had some weird concepts of beauty rituals, but they had a lot of great ideas as well. In fact, some of the ideas can still be used today. After doing some research, we learned eight ancient beauty secrets that we should be putting to good use today. Read on to better your beauty routine with ancient secrets!


You may be all about your morning egg white omelets, but there’s a whole bigger world out there. Eggs have been a primary ingredient in skincare for thousands of years. Zhang Lihua, renowned beauty and Imperial Consort of the Chen Dynasty compiled the earliest recorded skin care recipe, dating back to 600 B.C. Egg whites applied to the face and neck will tighten the skin, providing an instant temporary face lift. The protein in the egg will also hydrate the skin.

Anti-aging gloves:

Marie Antoinette knew that the hands were the first spot to show signs of aging way before science told us. She was known to wear gloves every night that were lined with wax, rose water and sweet almond oil to soften her hands.

The original cold cream:

The original cold cream was invented in the 2nd century (the 100s!) by Galen, and it contained the special mix of ingredients that makes it work as well as it does. The original cold cream contained a mix of grease and water so that both organic (dead skin cells) and inorganic material (makeup particles) would be dissolved and removed from the skin while cleansing and softening it. Rose water was added for scent, and the first cosmeceutical was created. Cold cream cleanses, removes makeup and softens skin all at the same time, and it’s still used today!

Crocodile dung:

The Ancient Greeks were all about using crocodile dung in their facials and body treatments. Brings a whole new meaning to the whole Aphrodite legend, doesn’t it?

White out:

Elizabeth I had a battle with small pox early in life, and went on to use thick white makeup to cover up her scars. During this era of the Tudor dynasty, her pale skin was quite en vogue, and became a sign of being regal and well-to-do. To achieve this look, women would attach leeches to their ears to drain blood from their face! We’re certainly not about to stick a leech on our face, but it’d still work if we wanted to go that far.

Milk and honey:

Cleopatra is one of our favorite legendary beauties, and was known for her flawless skin. History tells us that she bathed in milk, honey and olive oil. All three of these ingredients are still commonly found in facial treatments done in some of the finest spas in the country. Next time you need a body treatment, look no further than your pantry!

Rose water:

Rose water, which speaks of romance and luxury, dates back to ancient Egypt, where it did as well. Rose water prevents aging by reducing wrinkles and tightening skin pores. It was also used as a cleanser because it can easily remove dirt, oil and other pollutants from the skin.


Avocado was used centuries ago by Aztec civilizations as a skin moisturizer. Avocado oil will help to balance the skin by reducing pore size to produce healthy looking skin. The oil is easily absorbed by human skin and it will not clog pores.

Easy, Breezy Summer Hairstyles for Kids

Schools out for the summer and kids are ready to start enjoying the great outdoors. You could just throw their hair up in a ponytail and call it a day, but you can just as easily create some cute looks. From braids to mohawks, these summer hairstyles are a great way to keep them cute and cool over the next few months! There’s even one for your little man!

Knotted Ponytail

A knotted ponytail is a perfect way to keep the hair off of the neck and adding the knots makes it not only functional but fashionable.

Goddess Braid

Make your daughter feel like a goddess with this stylish ‘do!

Three Strand Fishtail

If you’ve already mastered the standard fishtail, try giving it this easy twist.

Chinese Staircase Braided Ponytail

A simple and stylish take on the traditional pony tail.

Faux Mohawk

No blades required to give your little guy his cool ‘do!

Father’s Day Around The World

How Is Father’s Day Celebrated Around The World?

Father’s Day as we know it in America emerged out of the efforts of a woman in Spokane, Wash. in the early twentieth century who believed that that there ought to be a mother’s day equivalent for America’s fathers. The holiday on the third Sunday in June has always taken a back seat to its May counterpart—Father’s Day only became an official holiday in 1972—but it has in fact taken root, in one way or another, in countries around the world.


The host of the World Cup will have something to celebrate even after the last goal is scored: Father’s Day is held on the second Sunday in August in honor of St. Joachim, the father of Mary.


The Father’s Day equivalent in Russia is a celebration that has evolved from a military commemoration to an unofficial tribute to all men. On Feb. 23, Defender of the Fatherland Day, parades celebrate the Russian Armed Forces while men can expect to receive small gifts from men receive gifts from the women in their lives.


Father’s Day in India is still an emerging holiday and, by those who observe it, is celebrated in much the same way and on the same day as in the United States.


Father’s Day in France is held on the third Sunday in June and can trace its recent history to a company that makes lighters and marketed them as gifts for smoking fathers. Today, lighters are typically replaced with drawings or small gifts. But the idea of honoring one’s father can also be linked to the much older celebration of Saint Joseph on March 19 (other countries, like Spain, still observe Father’s Day then).


The Southeast Asian country celebrates mothers on the birthday of Queen Sirikit on Aug. 12—and fathers on the birthday of the widely admired King Bhumibol Adulyadej. The King gives an annual speech, while tradition has it that Thais give their fathers and grandfathers the Canna flower, which is considered to have a masculine association.


Aussies celebrate Father’s Day on the first Sunday in September, which is also the first Sunday of spring there.


Just like it does for Mother’s Day, Mexico puts on more festivities to honor its fathers than its northern neighbors. On the third Sunday in June, though it’s not an official holiday, Mexicans give gifts to their fathers and celebrate with food and music. Some also participate in the 21 kilometer race in Mexico city, the “Carrera Día del Padre 21K Bosque de Tlalpan.”


Germany does things a bit differently. On the 40th day of Easter, Ascension Day, German men have a tradition of celebrating Father’s Day by organizing hikes and other gatherings—and making sure to be well-supplied with food and alcohol.


An American import, Father’s Day in Canada is an unofficial celebration held on the third Sunday in June.



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Can Stress Really Cause Hair Loss?

It has been said that stress can make you go gray, or cause you to lose your hair. But can it?

What’s Stressing You

Paradi Mirmirani, MD, a dermatologist with the Permanente Medical Group in Vallejo, Calif., says it all depends on what type of stress you’re talking about. “Stress because you’re late to work or you’ve got a heavy workload is not going to cause you to lose hair,” she says. Short-term, everyday stress is not going to affect your body in such a way that your hair falls out. It takes something larger to do that. “Something that causes you to lose sleep,” Mirmirani says, “or changes your appetite and raises the level of stress hormones.”

McMichael puts it more bluntly. “There has been, for my entire life, this mythical connection between stress and hair. It’s absolutely ridiculous.” McMichael says there is no evidence to support the idea that just because you had a few stressful days last week your hair will fall out this week. “It doesn’t even work that way,” she says.

Stress and Hair: The Hair Cycle

A normal head of hair contains about 120,000-150,000 strands of hair. Usually, at any one time, about 90% of those hairs are in a growing phase, growing by about 1/2 inch each month. This phase lasts for two to three years. At that point, a hair will go into a resting stage. This “rest” lasts for 3 to 4 months before the hair falls out and is replaced by a new one. “Typically, people shed about 100 hairs a day,” says Carolyn Jacob, MD, founder and medical director of Chicago Cosmetic Surgery and Dermatology. “Most people don’t even notice.”

Sometimes, a significant stress of some sort may spark a change in your body’s routine physiological functions, Jacobs says, and cause a disproportionate number of hairs to go into the resting phase at the same time. Then three to four months later, sometimes longer, all those resting hairs are shed. The effect can be alarming. The types of events that disrupt the normal hair cycle, Jacob says, can be caused by the substantial physiological stresses on your body.

But, according to McMichael, physiological stress is not the same as emotional stress.  Hair loss can be one way the body responds to significant physiological stress that may be brought on by diet, medical, or lifestyle changes.

“Only those things that cause physiological stress can cause a hair loss event,” McMichael says. The good news is that the hair loss from these kinds of events is usually temporary, as long as the stress event is temporary. Once the stressor is addressed or goes away on its own, hair grows back and the normal hair cycle resumes.

Stress and Hair: What Causes Hair Loss?

A variety of stressors may cause your body to undergo hair loss. It happens, McMichael says, when there’s some type of physiological change in your system. “For instance,” she says, “you go on or off an oral contraceptive. Or you lose more than 15 pounds of  weight. Things like this change the physiological balance in your system.”

Mirmirani says that hair shedding can also result from certain medications,  thyroid disease, and nutritional deficiencies such as  vitamin D or too much vitamin A.

Pinpointing the actual cause of the shedding isn’t always easy. That’s because, Mirmirani says, there’s a three- to six-month lag time between the stressful event and the hair loss. In order to determine the cause, you need to look back at what was happening three, six, or even nine months before the hair loss began.

McMichael says that because people have repeated the myth of a direct connection between emotional stress and hair loss for so many years, many people now believe it. “There’s no way to predict who’s going to lose hair and who’s not. If you’re a shedder, you’ll shed,” Jacob says. She also says there’s no scientific evidence that points to specific emotional stresses that might trigger the physical stress that can lead to hair loss.


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How To Get The Perfect Blowout At Home

Doing your own blowout can be intimidating. The surefire recipe for a good hair day? Strong biceps, patience, and these tips.

Switch Your Shower Lineup

If you’re after bouncy hair, skip shampoos and conditioners that claim to be moisturizing or damage-repairing, they contain ingredients that weigh down even thick hair. Go for ones labeled volumizing, which are lighter. But if your hair is a frizz ball, use a smoothing shampoo and conditioner, which are full of silicones and oils (good ones) like our Renewing Argon Oil Collection.

Now Leave The Bathroom

It might seem like the obvious place to style your hair, but if it’s at all humid, your blowout will frizz. Move the whole setup to another room.

Get In On A Secret

Quick-dry sprays actually work. They contain ingredients, like isododecane, that wick water off hair so it dries faster. Bonus: Most of these sprays also contain heat-protecting, hair-smoothing silicones.

Drink Coffee; Check Your Email

Procrastinating before you jump right in to blow-drying can actually make your hair look better. If you try to style soaking-wet hair, it will take forever, and you’ll probably give up before your hair is completely smooth. Rough-dry your hair any which way until it’s barely damp, or let it air-dry for about 20 minutes.

Hold Off On Mousse

If you’re after smooth results, mousses (and gels, and anything with hold) work best when you apply them to damp hair and then blow-dry immediately. Letting them sit in hair while it air-dries for even ten minutes can freeze kinks and waves in place so they can’t be undone with a brush and a dryer. Oils, leave-in conditioners, and other anti-frizz products should be applied right away.

Always Tackle Your Bangs First

Before they have a chance to dry wonky. For side swept bangs, use a medium-size round boar-bristle brush and sweep them to one side. If your bangs are blunt, start by brushing them from side to side with a paddle brush as you dry them so they’re polished but not too flat.

 Don’t Let A Blowout Deflate

The difference between straight and lank is a two- to three-inch round boar-bristle brush. Use it to stretch your hair up slightly at the roots and then down toward your shoulders in a slight arc, pulling the brush straight through the ends. Move quickly to minimize damage.

Count To Four For Volume

Five works, too. When you let hair cool for a few seconds on the round brush, it dries bouncier. Pull your hair up toward the ceiling, and then roll the brush down the length of your hair and back up. Keep each section of hair wound around the bristles for about four or five seconds after you’ve dried it.

Check Your Work

Once you think your hair is dry, feel around for damp spots. If you want your blowout to last, hair needs to be 100 percent dry. Otherwise it will frizz and volume won’t last.

The Pros & Cons of Hair Extensions

With the increasing popularity of hair extensions it’s important to understand the pros and cons of having them before deciding weather or not to get your own. Some extensions are glued or clipped into the natural hair and other times the natural hair is braided to the scalp and the extensions are sewn into the scalp. Here are some pros and cons to help you make your decision.


The most obvious advantage is the instant gratification. You don’t have to spend months waiting for your hair to grow out. You can go from short to long or vice versa in just hours. Extensions are versatile, they come in a variety of colors, lengths and textures. They are also low maintenance. Good extensions can last up to three months and you can style them just as you would your own hair.


The biggest downside of getting hair extensions is the scalp and hair damage. When you suddenly add a lot of hair at once it pulls on the scalp. This causes damage and irritation. Extensions can also damage the hair, depending on how they are attached. Tight braids can cause breakage at the roots, glue can burn the scalp or weaken the hair shaft. Extensions can also be very pricey. They can cost anywhere from a couple hundred to a couple of thousand dollars, depending on the method of attachment and how much hair you use. It is also time consuming to have extensions applied. It’s not unusual for someone to spend eight hours or more sitting in the salon.